When planning to start your own business, you should look around for financial support. A lot of help can be obtained from various state institutions.
Before you open a business, check how much you can get. We check what subsidies are available for setting up a company and other forms of assistance.
Worth checking: Self-employment is a good idea?
People planning to set up their own company are supported by labor offices, but not only they. In addition to bank loans, which are sometimes difficult to obtain, it is also possible to finance crowdfunding, academic business incubators, business angels, venture capital funds and a whole range of programs from EU funds. Before you register your business, it’s worth finding out where you can get extra money to help spread your wings.
Assistance from the office
A non-repayable and untaxed subsidy from the employment office can amount to six times the monthly salary in the enterprise sector. This year it is almost 27.5 thousand. zł. You just have to be unemployed registered at the office for at least a month, although some of them require three months. Students from full-time studies, persons who have refused employment, apprenticeship or apprenticeship proposals, as well as those who have already benefited from public funding, are excluded from funding opportunities.
The application for co-financing is submitted to the poviat or voivodship labor office, usually along with the business plan. After receiving the subsidy and signing the contract with the office, you need to set up a business and run it for at least a year. At this time, you can not only suspend it, but also take on another job. It’s also worth knowing that if you can not get funding the first time, you can apply again. Labor offices carry out several calls during the year.
Cheap loans for graduates and the unemployed
You can also take advantage of government support, such as loans from the business support program “First Business – Support at Startup”, which is implemented by Bank Gospodarstwa Krajowego.
As part of the program , unemployed people, school and university graduates and last year university students can apply for low-interest loans to start a business and loans for creating an unemployed workstation.
Loans under the program are granted from the Labor Fund funds throughout the country. Granting loans is carried out by financial intermediaries selected in a tender procedure by Bank Gospodarstwa Krajowego. The list of brokers with contact details is posted on the bank’s website.
Unemployed people who want to apply for a loan must be registered at the employment office . Graduates who have completed upper secondary school or university up to 48 months before applying for a loan and students of the last year of higher education do not have to be registered as unemployed. All you need is a statement about not hiring and not doing other paid work. Graduates must additionally provide a copy of the diploma or certificate or a certificate of education they have obtained, and the student a certificate of study.
Almost 100,000 PLN for seven years
As part of the program, you can take advantage of a low-interest loan to start a business for up to seven years. The interest rate is 0.44%. annually (1/4 of the rediscount rate for NBP bills of exchange) and is stable throughout the whole financing period. Currently, the maximum loan amount is PLN 91,604, it depends on the current average monthly remuneration for the previous quarter and is 20 times the same.
Program participants can count on an annual grace period for loan principal repayment . In connection with the loan granted, they do not incur any fees or commissions. The loan is secured by the borrower’s own promissory note and the surety of the natural person. Depending on the results of the assessment of creditworthiness and credit risk, another loan repayment security may be used instead of a surety.
You can make early repayment of the loan, however, in this case and in the case of closing the business before the expiry of 12 months, the borrower is obliged to return the amount of the obtained benefit.
In addition, anyone who intends to do business with partners in the form of a civil partnership, can get a much higher loan with them. In this case, it can reach up to 210,000. zł. People who also use a loan to create a job for an unemployed person directed by the poviat labor office can count on references – part of the loan for starting a business activity will be discontinued.
People with disabilities without employment can also get a subsidy to start a business from the State Fund for Rehabilitation of Disabled People. The condition is to maintain the company for two years.
How to get a loan?
The condition for obtaining a loan is to submit a correctly completed and complete application. The evaluation of the broker is subject to a complete application, the element of which is, inter alia, description of the planned project and purpose of the loan. If we have problems with filling out the application, we can arrange a consultation. The application should be submitted at the place of conducting the planned business activity.
Financial intermediaries evaluate the application within 14 business days of receiving a correctly completed and complete loan application. If replenishment is necessary, the processing time of the application is extended accordingly. When the decision is positive, we can set up an activity. The activity should be active at the latest on the day the loan agreement is signed. Then we sign a contract with a financial intermediary. After the loan repayment security is established, we receive money on the account.
The basis for the settlement of the loan are expenses incurred for this purpose, i.e. paid invoices or other accounting documents of equivalent probative value, to be submitted to the financial intermediary within the time specified in the loan agreement, however not later than 30 days from the last expenditure. As part of the loan, it is possible to finance both fixed assets necessary to commence operations as well as all types of goods subject to sale as part of the activity , e.g. stocking of a grocery, clothing, multi-branch, etc. All goods and services are calculated at gross prices.
Most programs focus on activating the unemployed who intend to open their own business. Fig. Adobe Stock
For a new place of work
As part of the program, it is possible to obtain a loan for creating a job for an unemployed person. Such a loan can be applied not only to borrowers who use a loan to start a business, but also entities such as private kindergartens and private schools as well as crèches and children’s clubs.
The maximum can be up to PLN 27,481.2 . The unit value of the loan can not exceed six times the average remuneration. The borrower can also create and get a loan for several positions. The loan is granted for three years. The interest rate is 0.44%. on a yearly basis. Borrowers are exempt from fees and commissions for considering the application and granting the loan. The loan can be repaid early, but the borrower will not bear any costs related to early repayment if the created job position has been maintained for a period of not less than 12 months.
Similarly to the activity loan, financial intermediaries evaluate the application within 14 working days of receiving a correctly completed and complete loan application. Supplements to the application extend the time of its consideration.
As part of a loan for the creation of a job position, it is possible to employ an unemployed person without a referral from the poviat labor office . However, the employed person must be registered in the poviat labor office and have the status of an unemployed person. The person should be employed after signing the loan agreement.
EU subsidies and loans
Competitions and non-competitive calls for business development and the fight against unemployment from EU funds are not lacking. Individual of them help to finance trainings, vocational courses, post-graduate studies, internships and apprenticeships as well as starting own company or its development.
Young people who are less than 30 years old, do not work and do not learn, have the greatest opportunities. They have a chance to support 20,000. PLN They can also count on 50 thousand. subsidies from local action groups that operate in almost all counties. Subsidies for starting business activity are also addressed to unemployed women, people over 45, unemployed, disabled and with low education. For them, projects such as “Good time for business – KOM2” are intended. People who work or do not belong to any of the groups that can count on a grant have a chance to get a loan for their own business.
The conditions for obtaining co-financing for the opening of business may vary depending on the region. Information on them is provided by information centers of European funds as well as poviat and voivodship labor offices. Those interested should also follow the current subsidy programs on the European funds portal. This does not mean, however, that receiving a grant is simple and the money will be credited to your account overnight. The whole recruitment process takes many months.
However, you can apply for a small or large loan. Their amount depends on the region , small loans are generally up to 250 thousand. PLN, but in the Lubuskie and Wielkopolskie voivodships it is 500 thousand. PLN, while in Opole – 150,000 zł. Large loans are already up to PLN 2 or 2.5 million. There are also micro-loans from 60 to 100 thousand. zł.
Subsidies for setting up a company: a difficult choice
Before you apply for a grant, you need to be prepared in a reliable way. If you have an idea for niche business, which will be in demand on the market, and your own conviction will be verified, then the first success is behind you. Now you can start to check what are the recruitment – preferably in your own province. For each of them are described criteria that must be met in order to be able to take part in them.
After selecting the most appropriate project, you should contact the institution that announces it and accept applications. It is also worth participating in an information meeting on the possibility of obtaining funding. They are organized in individual cities by local information points of European funds.
The next step is to carefully read the project regulations and submit the application. It should not be a problem with filling it, because each institution that announces the competition provides all documents along with instructions on how to fill them in websites and information desks. However, it should be remembered that the business plan should be included in the application. The problem may be only the lack of money for own contribution, because no project is financed entirely from European funds. You may need to eat a loan or a loan.
Receiving money and setting up a company does not mean the end of cooperation with the institution that allocated the funds . The newly established company will be monitored, so not spending money in accordance with the assumptions contained in the application or suspending or closing the business will mean the need to return the subsidy with interest, and this can be difficult if the company has not yet started to make profits.
Another form of EU assistance for those planning to run a business is bridging support. It allows you to survive the first months of work on your own and fulfill your obligations to the Social Insurance Institution. Help – as in the case of subsidies for the establishment of a company – is non-returnable and granted to all newly created companies, regardless of whether they generate revenues or not yet. However, it does not work automatically, so you must submit a request for support with an attached business plan and justification of expenses.
The basic bridging support is granted for a maximum of six months from the start of operations, but may be extended to twelve months of the company’s operation . The maximum amount may not exceed the equivalent of the minimum remuneration applicable on the date of payment of the support. It is generally 1 thousand. zł. In some provinces, however, it may be higher. Last year, under the Regional Operational Program of the Śląskie Voivodeship, it amounted to 2 thousand. zł.
Bridging support, like a subsidy, must be accounted for and made up to the 15th day of the end of the six-month and then twelve-month period.
The largest grants can count on very innovative ideas for business, or so-called startups. Adobe Stock
Privileges for startups
The largest grants can count on innovative business ideas . Especially for their originators programs such as Starter and BizNest and starter platforms are created, in which applications can be submitted by December 31 next year.
In competitions, the money for establishing a company can be obtained from seed funds, venture capital funds or business angel networks selected by the Polish Agency for Enterprise Development.
The starter platforms under the Operational Program Poland help develop businesses planning to set up a business in the Lublin, Podkarpackie, Podlasie, Świętokrzyskie or Warmian-Masurian provinces. However, you have to wait for the money because training is planned in the first stage. After passing the so-called incubation, during which a business model will be developed, you can count on 800 thousand PLN support.
Farmers insured in the Agricultural Social Insurance Fund (KRUS) who decide to start operations can get a bonus of up to 150,000. PLN from the Rural Development Program. You just need to enter into the smart specializations of your region.
You can also get more if the business plan provides for job creation. As part of the bonus for starting non-agricultural activities from RDP, it is 200,000. PLN for those who create at least two jobs, and 250,000 PLN if the business plan provides for the creation of at least three jobs.
Seedlings from incubators
Young Academic Incubators of Entrepreneurship are a great support for young people, which help entrepreneurs to start startups . They also provide substantive support. 56 incubators in 26 cities operate under the AIP.
Pre-incubation is the time to learn how to manage a company without having to set up a company. For 300 PLN net per month, AIP will provide its legal personality, under which you can run your own business without registering with CEiDG. This means that you do not have to pay even preferential contributions to ZUS, which this year is 555.89 PLN, and income tax, and when signing contracts and issuing invoices, the Incubator’s registration data is used. In fact, it saves itself.
The Incubation and Incubation Plus helps in the development of the company, if it has already been set up. The cost of participation in these programs is PLN 300 and PLN 500, respectively. In the first of them, you will get help in running a tax book of revenues and expenses or a lump sum – up to ten invoices per month – and VAT records. You can also take advantage of Start Training training, Training Platform platform and 12 meetings with mentors as part of the Mentoring Meeting.
In the extended package, up to 25 documents are settled, in addition, AIP will take on ongoing official business matters, keeping records of the vehicle’s mileage and settling business trips. Cowork provides, for PLN 200, monthly use of the space of one of the 56 offices, in which there are also conference rooms.
It also helps PARP in Scale Up programs, which supports acceleration of startups. Their goal is to combine the potential of beginners, creative entrepreneurs with infrastructure and the experience of large enterprises. In August Electro ScaleUp will be implemented, a program supporting startups in the electromobility industry, and until November 29, applications will be accepted for the Connect & Scale Up projects, the aim of which is to combine the startups’ culture with the resources of large companies.